Mandalay is the second largest city in Myanmar.Mandalay is the religious and cultured center of Myanmar.Located on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River ,716km(445miles) north of the Yangon.Population is 6.1millions .The city was named after the MandalyHill,which is situated at the northeast corner of the present city. Mandalay was founded in 1857 by King Mindon replacing Amarapura as the new royal capital of the Kongboung Dynasty .Mandalay is also important as Myanmar Cultural heart center. A “must see” would be the wooden U Bein Bridge which is over 160 years old, built across a large late linking two villages.
Mandalay Hill is one of the main attractions in Mandalay, Mandalay Hill is a 240 meters hill that is located to the northeast of the city center of Mandalay in Myanmar. Mandalay Hill is known for its abundance of pagodas and monasteries, and has been a major pilgrimage Thesite for Burmese Buddhists for nearly two centuries. At the top of the hill is the Sutaungpyei (literally wish-fulfilling) Pagoda. A panoramic view of Mandalay from the top of Mandalay Hill alone makes it worthwhile to attempt a climb up its stairways. There are four covered stairways called saungdan leading up the hill from the south, southeast, west and north, and convenient seats of masonry work line these stairways all the way up. A one-way motor road today saves time and also makes it accessible for those who are unable to climb up the stairs, leading to an escalator and a lift to the pagoda at the summit.
One famous Buddha Image on the Mandalay Hill is the Image of Standing Lord Buddha at the top of the hill where Lord Buddha made a prophesy. It was built by king Mindon. Eight years after the king’s death, the image was damaged by fire, and a new image was restored. The image of standing Lord Buddha is 8.22m high.
It will be a memorable experience for the visitor of Mandalay to enjoy the sunset beauty over the blinking, winding Ayeyawaddy and the blue Sagaing Hill and the Min Wun ranges.
Mahamuni Image (Mandalay)
The Maha Muni Image has been revered by successive Kings of Danyawady or RakhineState.Mahamni, which is not a pagoda but an image of the Buddha is also called the Rakhine Buddha-Image since it was brought to Mandalay from Rakhine State. The Image is said to have been cast in the life-time Buddha and that Buddha embraced it seven times thereby bringing it to life. Consequently, devout Buddhists hold it to be alive and refer to it as the Mahamuni Sacred Living Image. Its donor was King SandaThuriya, one of Rakhine Kings. It was brought to Innwa , the capital of Myanmar by the Myanmar Crown Prime. When that image got to the river it was hauled in specially built barge up the river to the capital. It has become the most revered object of worship in Upper Myanmar to this day.
Shwenandaw Monastery (Shwekyaung Taw Gyi)
A grand example of 19th century Burmese teak architecture, and the most significant of Mandalay’s historic buildings.The ShwenandawKyaung Temple, or Shwe-Kyaung-gyi as it is known to the Burmese, is the most significant of Mandalay’s historic buildings, due to the fact that it is the sole remaining structure of the former wooden Royal Palace that was built by King Mindon in the mid-19th century
King Mindon, who ascended to the throne in 1853,movedthe capital from Amarapura to Mandalay. The ground breaking ceremony for construction of the Mandalay Palace walls held on 13 February,1857.
Mandalay Palace Walls are 18 feet High and for every 550 feet alongthe walls there is a watch tower. There are 12 main gates along the palace walls. There is a main gate in each fours directions.There is a 225feet moat built along the palace walls. Lawns are set up between the palace walls and the moat. A replica of the palace was rebuilt in the 1990s with some modern materials.
Today, Mandalay Palace is a primary symbol of Mandalay and a major tourist destination
U Pein Bridge
It is situated in Amarapura Township, built across the Taungthamanlake as wide as river. It was built by U Pein over 200 years ago. It is the bridge that bore the name of the builder. The bridge is almost one mile long. A great time to visit the bridge is just after sunrise when hundreds of villagers and monks commute back and forth across it. The light is often best around an hour before sunset, but by then it will be swamped with busloads of tourists. However, while the bridge gets extremely busy and shops hawk trinkets and souvenirs, the views can still feel surreal and the atmosphere, while far from serene, is unique.
It is laying right at the centre of Myanmar. Mount Popa which is covered with trees and forests is like oasis in the central dry belt, the region ell-known for its scanty rainfall in Myanmar. It is an extinct volcano many valleys. The mountain comprises Two parts namely the wine-glasses-shaped plateau and the main mountain.
The base of main mountain 25 square miles and situated at 4981 feet above sea level. Geolog estimated that Mount Popa is minimum 2 million and maximum 3 million years old.