Bagan period is famous in the history of Myanmar. It was a Golden Age. According to the history of Bagan. It is known that after the fall of Srikhissara (now Pyay), King Thamutiriz merged the 19 villages at a place called YonhlutKyun on the bank of Ayeyawaddy River( certain place in the present-dayNyaung U Township, Myingyan, Mandalay Division) and founded Bagan in AD107. As Bagan was relocated for fours times, it is believed that the present-day Bagan is situated in the area of the fourth Bagan city. The fourth bagan was founded by King Pyinbya, the 34th monarch of the Bagan dynasty in AD849. Of the 55 Kings who rule Bagan, KiingAnawrahta , the 42 andmonarch of the dynasty, is the most powerful emperor. King Anawrahta governed Bagan from AD1044 to AD1077. The King built the First Myanmar Empire through the amity and unity of the various ethnic people of Myanmar. Other famous Kings of the Bagan dynasty are King Kyansit, the son of King Anawrahta, and King Alaungsithu, the grandson of King Kyansit. As the uccessive kings of the dynasty had built pagodas, it is known that there are about 4446 pagodas in Bagan.
It is situated at about a half mile west of Nyaung-U. In 1031,it was built by King Anawrahta of Bagan and finished by King Kyansittha in 1090l It was Pagoda enshrining four Tooth Relics of Buddha. Shwezigon Pagoda has three terraces, bell shape embossed circular rings, down-turned and upturned lotus petals, celestial stairways and so forth. It is illustrating prowess of Bagan.
Situated near Tharapa Gate in the east of Bagan. In 1091, it was built by King Kyansit. It is 168 feet high from its base to its perch. Inside the cave, there are Images of the Four Buddha that had already been in this world. The Images are 30 feet tall.The Images are at works of Baganperiod . The Statue in the north is Kakuthan, in the east is kawnagon, in the south is Kassapa and in the west is Gautama.
Thatbyinnyu Pagoda is one of the most prominent among massive imposing edifices of Bagan. In AD-144, it was built by King Alaungsithu, in an architectural design styled after PopbhayonMonastery . It stands 201 feet tall. Its height earned it the title of Bagan Tower. Its height gives a vantage point for enjoying the famous scene of Bagan.
It is one of the most massive edifices around Bagan. It was built by Narathu (a) King Kalakya in the 12th Century. Its architectural design was combination of Mon-Myanmar culture.
Buphaya (Gourd Pagoda)
It is on a promontory on the bank of the River Ayeyawaddy at Bagan. It was built by King Pyusawhit of Bagan in memory of quelling the giant gourd climbers. Buphaya, meaning (groud pagoda)was named after the place he got rid of the giant clmibers.
It is in the southwest of Bagan. Legend had it that King Narapatisithu committed verbal sin against his ancestors so he paid obeisance to them at that place and had the Kantaszpalin Pagoda built there in the year 1174-1211. It Towers to a height of 180 feet.
Lawkananda pagoda was built by King Anawrahta during his reign in 1059. The pagoda has enshrined the Buddha’s tooth relic in Bagan. The pagoda is erected on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. During those days, with the power of Bagan Dynasty, the Mon region, Rakhine and even as far as Sri Lanka would anchor by the Ayeyarwaddy riverside. Lawkananda would be the first to see with its distinctive elongated cylindrical dome. It is still used as an everyday place of worship and is thought to house an important Buddha-tooth replica.The riverside and sunset views from Lawkananda are very good.